Some Christian sects such as the Jehovah’s Witnesses, teach that the Holy Spirit is an energy, power or force that effects change. The bible clearly teaches that the Holy Spirit has a will, intelligence and emotion. These are all characteristics of a personal being, not an impersonal force of some kind.

The holy spirit is not a person and it is not a part of a Trinity. The holy spirit is God’s active force that he uses to accomplish his will. . . . To a certain extent, it can be likened to electricity.¹ [WBTS]

The Holy Spirit has a personality and is referred to with the masculine personal pronoun “He”, not it. The Holy Spirit prevents apostles from travelling, and he can be insulted, disobeyed and saddened. He is also the sole distributor of special spiritual abilities among believers. Characteristics such as these suggest something far more than a force.


  • Ephesians 4:30: Sadness

    And do not bring sorrow to God’s Holy Spirit by the way you live

  • Hebrews 10:29: Insult

    How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has… insulted the Spirit of grace?

  • Romans 15:30: Love

    “I urge you, brothers and sisters, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit.”


  • John 14:26: Teach

    But when the Father sends the Advocate as my representative—that is, the Holy Spirit—he will teach you everything and will remind you of everything I have told you.

  • 1 Corinthians 2:11-12: Knowledge

    one can know God’s thoughts except God’s own Spirit. And we have received God’s Spirit (not the world’s spirit), so we can know the wonderful things God has freely given us.

Gives Instruction:

  • Acts 15:28: 

    For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit… to lay no greater burden on you than these few requirements

  • Luke 12:12: 

    for the Holy Spirit will teach you at that time what needs to be said

  • John 16:13: 

    When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own but will tell you what he has heard. He will tell you about the future.

Exerts His Will On Others:

  • Thessalonians 5:19: Resist

    Do not stifle the Holy Spirit

  • Acts 16:6: Prevents

    Next Paul and Silas traveled through the area of Phrygia and Galatia, because the Holy Spirit had prevented them from preaching the word in the province of Asia at that time

  • 1 Corinthians 12:7-11: Decides

    To one person the Spirit gives the ability to give wise advice; to another the same Spirit gives a message of special knowledge. The same Spirit gives great faith to another, and to someone else the one Spirit gives the gift of healing. He gives one person the power to perform miracles, and another the ability to prophesy. … It is the one and only Spirit who distributes all these gifts. He alone decides which gift each person should have.

Communicates With Us:

  • Acts 11:12: Speaks

    The Holy Spirit told me to go with them and not to worry that they were Gentiles

  • John 16:8: Conviction

    And when he [Holy Spirit] comes, he will convict the world of its sin

  • Romans 8:26-27: Prays

    And the Holy Spirit helps us in our weakness. For example, we don’t know what God wants us to pray for. But the Holy Spirit prays for us with groanings that cannot be expressed in words. And the Father who knows all hearts knows what the Spirit is saying, for the Spirit pleads for us believers in harmony with God’s own will

Relationship With Believers:

  • 2 Corinthians 13:14;

    The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.

Is it possible to blaspheme an energy force?

  • Merriam Webster Dictionary;

    to speak in a way that shows irreverence for God or something sacred :  to utter blasphemy, blaspheming against God

  • Strong’s Concordance; Greek [blasphémeó]

    I speak evil against, blaspheme, use abusive or scurrilous language about (God or men); to slander, hence to speak lightly or profanely of sacred things

When some of the religious leaders accused Jesus of performing miracles by the power of Satan, he gave them a very strong rebuke about blaspheming.

  • Mark 3:28-29;  I tell you the truth, all sin and blasphemy can be forgiven, but anyone who blasphemes the Holy Spirit will never be forgiven. This is a sin with eternal consequences.

Apparently, speaking against the Holy Spirit is somehow more serious than speaking against God or Jesus Christ. This should give us great pause when teaching and speaking about the Holy Spirit.


  1. Should You Believe in the Trinity? (New York: The Watchtower Bible and Tract Soc., 1989).


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Thank you,

Robert J.